This gentleman is obviously a very skilled photographer. He's a well-known and successful professional who has won many accolades for his work over a long career. Further, he was generous enough to share the details of his approach to post-processing freely with the photographic community. http://www.luminous-landscape.com/1photo-pages/castille_belmonte___spanish_castle.shtml Images processed in this manner have brought this gentleman considerable success and renown. The approach is perfectly acceptable and seems to agree with the photographer and with his clients, Further, there are plenty of other well-regarded photographers who use a similar approach in theirs work and have done so since the advent of Photoshop. However, I would NEVER do this. Unless a client insisted that I create an image using similar techniques, I could never see myself processing a photograph to this extent. Instead of enhancing colors with local adjustments, I would have waited for better light, even if that required modifying my travel itinerary. Instead of inventing trees that don't exist, I would have searched for a better composition. Instead of enhancing bad light with layers, I would have optimized a well-lit and properly-exposed capture in Lightroom. And if I had elected to stitch together composite images, I would have made every attempt to avoid or remove lens distortion in the process. When people look at my photos I don't want them to think that I've fabricated light or compositional details with computerized tools, no matter how skillful their application. I want the viewer to feel a sense of trust that what they see is an accurate representation of what their eyes would have seen had they been standing beside me at the time of capture. It's important to me that my photographs convey a sense of credulity and veracity rather than the exploitation of an opportunity to create a technically impressive fabrication. For my own benefit, I relish the feeling of walking away from a shoot knowng that I have captured something special: an interesting subject with lighting and composition that will work together to enhance the viewer's experience of that moment. I want to feel excited about having captured the light and the viewpoint that I have just witnessed. I don't think I would feel very satisfied capturing a gray, unexciting scene that I could use later as the basis for demonstrating advanced computer skills. That skips the whole magic of the exposure process, the magic that makes be want to crawl out of bed before sunrise so I can witness and capture something compelling and inspiring. People are welcome work with photographs in any way that pleases them and their audience. I want my images to convey the sense of an actual experience rather than a fantastic re-envisioning of a dull scene, and I want my viewers to understand the difference.