I still don't have the hang of my SB-900 flash. I have read a lot of suggestions here on photo.net as well as on other websites and even books, but I still find myself unsure of how to set up my D700 to get good photos with flash, reliably. Right now I am using trial and error; sometimes it works and I get a good shot. And sometimes it doesn't. What I am looking for is a set of steps I can follow to get good exposures, instead of a discussion of theory that doesn't help me when I am actually trying to get a shot. For example, when I am NOT using flash, I know what to do: (1) Set ISO (2) Set either aperture or shutter speed to suit the subject (3) Adjust the other variable (shutter speed or aperture) for a correct exposure (4) Take the shot Now, of course there are lots of reasons why you might alter that set of steps to get particular effects in specific situations. And I also left out a lot of other settings and modes to check, like metering, autofocus, exposure, white balance (not needed in RAW mode, right?) etc. But at the same time, that is a fundamental set of steps that will get you a good exposure. What I am looking for is a similar set of steps for using flash. There could be more than one set of steps depending on the situation you're shooting in (indoors, outdoors, motion, still subjects, etc.), but ultimately I am looking for a "recipe" to get good shots with flash, much like Scott Kelby has "How to get this kind of shot" instructions in his digital photography books. Once I know these recipes, I will be able to experiment with changing them and trying my own things, but I would like to get the basics down first. The "recipe" or checklist I have put together so far is for indoor shooting, like in someone's living room, where there is ambient light from windows and/or room lights, and it looks like this: (1)Set ISO around 400, give or take. (This would not be high enough for a correct exposure without flash.) (2) Set aperture for desired DOF (so for a simple portrait, I might choose F8 or F11) (3) Set shutter speed somewhere around 1/250 to 1/60. (Again, the camera is indicating severe underexposure at this point.) (4) Set flash to TTL mode (not BL) and normal firing mode (i.e., not slow or rear curtain, etc.) (5) Angle flash head to bounce off ceiling (6) Take the shot The above steps leave out any fiddling with the flash output level; assume it's at the normal "zero" level, but it can be raised or lowered. Just another variable to worry about, I guess! Anyway, sometimes these steps work; sometimes they don't. The most common problems with my shots are excessive noise (from too high an ISO?), motion blur (from too slow a shutter speed?), and insufficient DOF (from too wide-open an aperture), all things I did because I was worried about not having enough ambient light in the picture. The specific thing I'm having trouble with is that I don't see any clear way to make sure I am getting steps (1) and (3) correct in the above list. I may know what aperture I want, but without the exposure meter to guide me, how can I know that my choice of ISO and shutter speed will generate a good exposure with the flash included? Is this really just a matter of experimenting over and over until you instinctively know what works, or is there a system or checklist you can follow, at least until you get the hang of it? Thanks.