original Kodachrome speed

Discussion in 'Film and Processing' started by tbs, May 4, 2007.

  1. tbs

    tbs

    I am doing a little research into the history of Kodachrome and am trying to find out what was the ISO/ASA of the first versions of Kodachrome slide film (35mm and 828 format), i.e., from its release in 1936 until around 1961, when Kodachrome II (ASA 25) took over. In my poking around, I've seen answers for this question ranging from ASA 6 up to 16, with ASA 10 or 12 being the most common ones. What is THE correct answer? Is there more than one correct answer? I've gotten pretty consistent answers for the speed of the early 16mm and 8mm movie films, ASA 10 for daylight and ASA 16 for "Type A", which I assume was some sort of indoor version, but nothing so clear for the slide versions.
     
  2. ASA 8. But what does Kodak say? Have you asked through http://www.kodak.com ?
     
  3. tbs

    tbs

    Yes, I'd thought of that. That was my next step, if I couldn't get a clear answer here. I may just do it anyway. But I'd still love to hear from anyone here who has a response.
     
  4. jtk

    jtk

    Kodachrome was also manufactured in a very widely used microfilm version (long rolls) and of course in a print form (looked like the old Cibachrome, but had longer tonal scale).
     
  5. tbs

    tbs

    Thanks! I have seen it. Did you notice that on the third line of that Kodachrome timeline chart, the line for "Kodachrome film, 35mm and 828, daylight & Type A, 1936-1962," which is just what I'm looking for, that there is no entry for the ASA/ISO? That's my problem. And what is this print film spoken of above? I assumed that people just made prints out of Kodachrome slides. Was there some separate Kodachrome product dedicated to making regular consumer prints?
     
  6. apparently, kodachrome did not lend itself to making prints. when kodacolor came out there was a process for printing and later even making slides from koacolor. Kodachrome was an entirely different thing. Higher contrast and greater saturation caused problems. so I THINK they made a Internagative from the koadachome slide and made a " kodachrome print" from that, they were plastic like the current driver's licenses and ID cards. often 2" x 3" but I recall larger prints also they were expensive. at that time there was roll film kodacolor but NO 35mm kodacolor. I went round and round trying to find out exact details about film history, and kodak milestones are the "classic comics" version of history.
     
  7. ASA 10 is what I've always heard, though I wouldn't be suprised if there was a slightly slower ASA 8 when it first came out, or with that small a difference maybe they just changed the rating without changing the film. Type A film typically has a higher ASA than daylight film. It is in fact "some sort of indoor version." Daylight film is balanced for the 5000-6000 degree kelvin color of daylight. Type A is balanced for the 3400 degree color of Photoflood bulbs and Type B for the 3200 degree of tungsten/quartz lights. These are all the same regardless of movie vs still film. Not sure about the reference to a Kodachrome "print" film. You can make prints from slides of course but when people say print film they usually mean negative film. Kodachrome is of course a positive transparency film, not a negative. I believe there was in the 1950s a Kodachrome Commercial 35mm movie film that was low contrast to accomodate for the increase in contrast when making duplicate "prints" on movie film, but I wouldn't call that a print film.
     
  8. tbs

    tbs

    Well, I tried asking Kodak. Here's their answer: "We received your e-mail regarding the ISO (formerly ASA) of KODAK KODACHROME Film prior to 1961 and appreciate the opportunity to comment. Regrettably we no longer have the resources to assist with your research. You may find the International Museum of Photography, located at the George Eastman House able to assist. You may wish to contact them at: International Museum of Photography (George Eastman House) 900 East Avenue Rochester, NY 14607" Guess we're on our own for now.
     
  9. "I've gotten pretty consistent answers for the speed of the early 16mm and 8mm movie films, ASA 10 for daylight and ASA 16 for "Type A", which I assume was some sort of indoor version, but nothing so clear for the slide versions." I can confirm using ASA10 daylight Kodachrome 16mm movie film in the 1950s. My sister had an 8mm consumer movie camera in the 1960s and if I remember correctly all of the Kodachrome in that format was Type A for indoor use in incandescent light. The camera had an inbuilt filter that was used when filming in daylight. The response above from Kodak is a little disappointing, but understandable. In around 1970 I found an unused roll of my father's 10ASA Kodachrome 16mm movie film with a use by date of around 1955. I phoned our local Kodak office (Melbourne Australia) and spoke to someone about the film. He advised me to give a half stop extra exposure because of the film's age. I used it in a tricky light situation (skating just after sunrise on a frozen lake) and took the roll to Kodak. They had to send it to Hawaii for processing because it wasn't the current type of film. No charge for processing, since it had been prepaid maybe 18 years earlier. Results were pretty good, considering the lighting conditions being so contrasty. It's a different world today, but I still use some Kodak products.
     
  10. The problem is that when Kodachrome was introduced, ASA didn't exist either, and there were two versions, Daylight and Tungsten. Speeds on the Kodak scale were 8 - 10 in 1941 and were set at 10 when the ASA scale was introduced. This is what it was in the early 50s. There was a Kodachrome print material on a reflective plastic support internally called Azochrome support (there is a long story behind the name). It can be recognized by the relief image on the surface just like Kodachrome film, and there was also a Kotavachrome film. I forget offhand what Kotavachrome was used for. Ron Mowrey
     
  11. When I first used it in the early 50's it was 10 (8 with a Weston meter, which published its own film speed ratings).
     
  12. Popular Photography May, 1939 Issue, Vol IV, No.5 says Weston 8 in 35mm, 5 in cut sheet. I believe the original formula 1935-1937 was 6 in 35mm.
     
  13. The ASA system came out during WW2; military wanted to cut thru the BS of having about 4 plus "film speed systems". There was a "Kodak speed"; Weston speed; GE speed; and others for different meter makers. Then there was also the ancient H&D numbers from the 1930's too. Several papers were written during the war years about the new film system; than became the asa system.

    The Speed of Roll film amateur Kodachrome in the 1950's was ASA 10; Weston 8, GE 12. Type A Tungsten was asa 16 using photofloods (3400Kelvin); and back down to 10 with a "convert to daylight" filter when shooting outdoors say.

    In SHEET film Kodachrome in the mid to early 1950's the daylight speed was asa 12; 10 Weston, 16 GE. PRO tungten sheet film was asa 10 under pro tungsten lighting; ie 3200 Kelvin.

    IN sheet Kodachrome the largest film size was 11x14 INCHES.
     
  14. I have a copy of the 1940 tome, "Kodachrome, and How to Use It". According to it, the daylight speed was indeed 8.
     
  15. I once asked my father why he owned so many hand-held meters. He told me that it was a side effect of "having started out in photography [just before WII] with shooting Kodachrome at ASA 8".
     

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